Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) A urine test may provide clues to the presence of sexually transmitted infections. A positive test rod for leukocyte esterase or an increased number of white blood cells on microscopic examination suggest chlamydia or gonococcal infection. Today, urinalysis is primarily used to detect bacterial STIs. Urine tests for chlamydia and gonorrhea are widely available.
Urine tests for trichomoniasis are also offered, but they are less common. You can also buy home collection kits to detect chlamydia and other STDs. With these kits, you collect a swab or urine sample at home and send it to a lab for testing. It is important to follow all instructions carefully.
Health care providers test people for chlamydia and gonorrhea using a urinalysis or swab. Swabs are taken from the inside of the penis in men or from the cervix in women. The sample is then studied in a laboratory. Screening tests are important because if you don't have symptoms, you may not know you're infected.
Sexually transmitted diseases are common, but the types of STI tests you need may vary depending on your risk factors. Urinalysis makes it easier for people to get tested for STIs as part of their regular medical care. For other STDs, such as herpes, hepatitis, HIV and syphilis, all the STI testing center needs is a small blood sample. For a long time, research suggested that cervical and urethral tests were slightly more effective than urine tests at detecting STIs.
For most people, it's much more important to get tested for STIs than to worry about getting the best STI test. A negative result means that there was no evidence that you were infected with that STI at the time of the test. You can also request additional tests if you are at risk of contracting other STIs that your healthcare provider does not plan to test for. This STD panel discusses 10 of the most common STDs, including chlamydia, syphilis, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, hepatitis C, gonorrhea, HIV-1, HIV-2, oral herpes, and genital herpes.
Testing with a urine sample may not be as effective as testing with a swab collected by a health professional. However, as with chlamydia and gonorrhea, some research suggests that urinalysis may not be as effective as performing similar tests with a vaginal swab. For most people, the thought of taking a urine test for gonorrhea or chlamydia is much less intimidating than the idea of needing a physical exam. However, research suggests that testing urine that is eliminated for the first time (urine that is released when the bladder begins to empty) is as effective as testing vaginal smears.
Nick is proud to be able to help eliminate the stigma of STI testing through his writing and always tries to advocate for the importance of sexual health. If the result of a home test for an STI is positive, contact your healthcare provider or a public health clinic to confirm the test results. Once you order your tests online (no appointment is necessary) and then visit your local test center, you'll receive your results in 1 to 2 days. Testing for chlamydia in urine and for gonorrhea is much more pleasant than having to take a sample of the cervix (women) or urethra (men), and are quickly becoming standard practice.